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Ethical Theory -- Full-text documents

Virtue Theory (Not Too) Simplified
There are two basic types of ethical judgments: deontological judgements that focus on focus on duty and obligation and eudaimonist judgements that focus on human excellence and the nature of the good life. I contend that we must carefully distinguish these two types of judgement and not try to understand one as a special case of the other.

Is Kant's Ethics Overly Demanding?
Is Kant’s "Formula of the End in Itself" overly demanding? In addressing this question, I sketch a conception of co-obligation, that is, a sort of moral requirement that holds, not of persons distributively, but of persons collectively. I then raise a problem of devolution: How does a co-obligation for all persons devolve upon me?

Liberalismo Versus Comunitarismo En La Cuestión De La Universalidad Ética
Ubiratan B de Macedo (Spanish)

Theoretical Ethics
The papers indexed on this site were given at the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy, in Boston, Massachusetts from August 10-15, 1998.

Ethical Theory -- Reference-only Documents

Bentham, Jeremy (1994) "The Principle of Utility," reprinted in P. Singer (ed) Ethics, Oxfrod University Press, New York, pp.306-312

Kant, Immanuel (1994) "The Categorical Imperative," reprinted in P. Singer (ed.) Ethics, pp.274-279.

Preston, N (1998) "Virtue and Ethics for the Public Sector," Professional Ethics, vol.6, nos.3&4, pp.69-82

Singer, P (1993) "About Ethics," in his Practical Ethics 2nd edition, Cambridge Unviersity Press, New York, pp.1-13

Vardy, P and P Grosch (1994) "Kant and the Moral Law," in their Puzzle of Ethics, Harper Collins, London, pp.65-73

Vardy P. and P Grosch (1994) "Bentham and Mill," in their Puzzle of Ethics, pp.74-83

Coady, C.A.J. (1993) "Ethos and Ethics in Business" in C.A.J Coady & C.J.S. Sampford (eds.), Business Ethics and the Law, The Federation Press, Sydney.

Fletcher, G.P. (1993) Loyalty: An essay on the morality of relationships, Oxford Univerity press, Oxford.

Ventriss, C. (1994) "The 'Publicness' of Administrative Ethics," in Cooper, Handbook of Administrative Ethics, pp.199-218.

Kanungo, R.N. and manuel mandonca (1996) Ethical Dimensions of Leadership, Sage Series in Business Ethics, Chapters 1 and 3.

Plato (1992) "The Noble Lie," from The Republic, in Madsen & Shaffritz, Essentials of Governemnt Ethics, Meridian, New York, pp.213-217.

Bok, S. (1992) "Lies for the Public Good," in Madsen and Shaffritz, pp218-231.

Baldwin, D. (1992) "Who's Lying Now?" in madsen and Shaffritz, pp.232-240.

Machiavelli, N. (1992) "What Deserves Praise or Blame in Men, and Above All in Princes," in Madsen and Shaffritz, pp.241-242.

French, P. (1992) "Dirty Hands," in Madsen and Shaffritz, pp.243-256.

Walzer, M. (1992) "Political Action: The problem of Dirty Hands," in Madsen and Shaffritz, pp.257-277.

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